Westfalia, Worldfalia, Eastfalia. The international order exposed to the transformations of the interstate power structure

Caterina García Segura.

Asia’s economic rise has transformed the structure of interstate power, both partially ousting traditional powers and influencing norms and institutions of the liberal international Order envisaged by Western powers and led by the United States since World War II. The current Westphalian order has to face the challenge of Asia (Is there an Eastphalian project?) and the cosmopolitan turn (Worldphalian project). Through the analysis of China’s relation with multilateralism and the «Responsibility to Protect», this article argues that the new power status of Asian powers allows them to influence the international order, participating in global normative processes and shaping institutions according to their goals and interests. They are no longer norm-takers but norm-makers. They actively participate in global normative processes playing different roles, but always active ones. Their actions do not create and lead a new emerging Eastphalian order. In contrast, they reinforce existing Westphalian principles and accept the progress of Worldphalian norms while seeking to limit them.

1. INTRODUCCIÓN: WESTFALIA, WORLDFALIA, EASTFALIA.—2. LAS TRANSFORMACIONES DE LA ESTRUCTURA DE PODER INTERESTATAL.—2.1. El siglo de Asia.—2.2. ¿Qué estructura de poder interestatal?—3. LAS TRANSFORMACIONES EN EL ORDEN INTERNACIONAL.—3.1. ¿Transformación o declive del orden internacional liberal?—3.2. La evolución cosmopolita del orden liberal.—4. LAS POTENCIAS ASIÁTICAS EMERGENTES FRENTE AL ORDEN INTERNACIONAL: DE RECEPTORAS A CREADORAS DE NORMAS.—4.1. La dinámica de las normas y los roles normativos en el orden internacional.—4.2. El rol de las potencias asiáticas emergentes en los procesos normativos del orden internacional.—5. EL IMPACTO DEL ASCENSO DE CHINA SOBRE INSTITUCIONES Y NORMAS DEL ORDEN INTERNACIONAL.—5.1. China y el multilateralismo.—5.2. China y la Responsabilidad de Proteger.—6. CONCLUSIÓN.

Asian emerging powers; China; cosmopolitanism; Eastphalia; international order; multilateralism; power; Responsibility to Protect; Westphalia; Worldphalia;

REDI Vol. 69 2 2017




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