The Summit of the Americas: An Area for Cooperation with Little Legal Projection

Cástor Miguel Díaz Barrado,

The Summit of the Americas’ practice shows us that it is a cooperation body between States of the region which has developed the little normative work. However, this Summit fulfils the precise conditions to allow States to adopt legal agreements within it. Above all, the Summit of the Americas encourages the proclamation of some essential principles which could eventually be part of the international legal order. Beyond the specific results, under no circumstances we should dispense with bodies of this type in the domain of International Law. In fact, often and many times, practice shows that political positions of States receive a legal translation. As it is known, the Summit adopted no agreement on the establishment of a Free Trade Area in the Americas. However, at least, the Summit of the Americas has focused in the «democratic principle» which has gained legal force in the

region as well as in the «Free Trade principle» that, surely, in the field of customary law is in the process of crystallization.

SUMARIO: 1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. CONFIGURACIÓN DE LA CUMBRE DE LAS AMÉRICAS: FACTORES POLÍTICO-JURÍDICOS DETERMINANTES.—2.1. La Cumbre de las Américas como expresión del panamericanismo: la escasa incidencia en la dimensión jurídica.—2.2. La cambiante situación política en la Cumbre: la inevitable falta de acuerdos.— 3. CONTRIBUCIÓN DE LA CUMBRE EN LA FORMACIÓN DE PRINCIPIOS DEL ORDEN INTERNACIONAL.—3.1. El «principio democrático»: aportaciones específicas en el ámbito jurídico.—3.2. El Libre Comercio como principio en las relaciones entre los Estados americanos: incertidumbres sobre su naturaleza y grado de aceptación.—4. CONCLUSIONES.

democratic principle; Free Trade Agreements; international conferences; international cooperation.;

REDI Vol. 71 1 2019




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