The Reform of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): An Analysis of its Legitimacy

Margarita Robles Carrillo.

ICANN is a corporation created in accordance with US law and aimed to ensure the stable and secure operation of the Internet’s unique identifier systems. Since its creation, this corporation has been widely criticized for its lack of legitimacy. This problem justifies the need to reform it. Both political-institutional dissent and the appearance of neutrality of technological governance have led to a unilateral solution to this problem to the extent that the United States has controlled its development and results. This reform has been carried out following the multistakeholder model. The new Bylaws modifies the ICANN institutional

model and also the accountability system. But the first shows serious organic and functional problems, while the second has been built mainly through one procedure that does not really guarantee independent and external control. Despite the reform, ICANN’s legitimacy crisis has not been yet resolved satisfactorily.

1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. EL DISCURSO DE LA LEGITIMIDAD.—2.1. El disenso político-institucional.—2.2. La apariencia de neutralidad.—2.3. El fundamento de la reforma.— 3. EL ALCANCE Y CONTENIDO DE LA REFORMA.—3.1. El modelo institucional.— 3.1.1. Estructura orgánica.—3.1.2. Naturaleza y funcionamiento.—a) Organigrama general.—b) Estatuto de la Organización de Apoyo.—c) Estatuto del Comité Asesor.—d) La situación del GAC.—3.2. El modelo de responsabilidad.—3.2.1. La dimensión normativa material.—3.2.2. La dimensión orgánica.—3.2.3. La naturaleza del IRP.—4. CONCLUSIONES.

accountability; ICANN; institutional framework; technological governance;

REDI Vol. 70 2 2018




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