The Potential Development of the New Advisory Procedure Before the European Court of Human Rights: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

Yaelle Cacho Sánchez
Profesora Contratada Doctora de Derecho internacional público y Relaciones Internacionales. Universidad de Cantabria (Assistant Professor in Public International Law and International Relations. University of Cantabria. Spain)

Protocol No. 16 to the European Convention on Human Rights, which came into force on 1 August 2018 for the States that have ratified it, allows the highest courts and tribunals of a State Party to request the ECtHR to give advisory opinions on questions of principle relating to the interpretation or application of the rights and freedoms defined in the Convention or the protocols. Due to recent developments, we have assessed the particular potential of this new advisory procedure to guarantee the long-term effectiveness of the Convention system. For that purpose, we have examined its context, which covers the reform process of the ECHR system, and its most significant elements as an advisory procedure promoting judicial dialogue. As a result of this analysis, we have identified some strengths and opportunities that may ensure the achievement of its objectives, as well as weaknesses and threats which may adversely affect the long-term effectiveness of the system. The latter may require to take, if necessary, appropriate corrective measures.

1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. EL PROTOCOLO NÚM. 16 AL CONVENIO EUROPEO DE DERECHOS HUMANOS EN EL CONTEXTO DEL PROCESO DE REFORMA.—2.1. El principio de subsidiariedad.—2.2. El derecho de recurso individual ante el TEDH.—3. EL NUEVO PROCEDIMIENTO CONSULTIVO DEL TEDH.—3.1. Un procedimiento de reenvío judicial.—3.2. Un procedimiento en el marco de la función consultiva.—4. CONCLUSIONES.

access to justice; Advisory Opinion; ECtHR reform process; European Convention on Human Rights; European Court of Human Rights; jurisdictional dialogue; preliminary reference; principle of subsidiarity; Protocol No. 16;

REDI Vol. 71 2 2019




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