The Paris agreement on climate change and its contributions to progressive development of international law and the consequences arising from the withdrawal of the United States

Author:
Teresa Fajardo del Castillo
Profesora Titular Derecho Internacional Público, Universidad de Granada (Tenured Professor International Law, University of Granada. Spain).fajardo@ugr.es.

Abstract:
This study examines the contribution of the Paris Agreement to the progressive developmentof international law. The Paris Agreement exemplifies the characteristic features of a sectoral regime and the triumph of flexibility in a legal sector of international law where States have to implement their international obligations to the domestic framework, for which they require flexibility to fulfill their commitments as well as their national circumstances to be taken into account. To this end, the Paris Agreement has distanced itself from the previous approaches that guided the normative development of the Framework Convention on Climate Change: the most rigid, envisaged in the Kyoto Protocol, and the softer, set forth by the Copenhagen Accord. The Paris Agreement develops the Framework Convention by establishing a set of provisions having a different normative intensity. These provisions are mandatory for both developed and developing countries through a mechanism of voluntary commitments (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) that ultimately marks the identity of the Agreement. Finally, the study also assesses the impact that the United States’ withdrawal may have on the Paris Agreement.

Index:
SUMARIO: 1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. LA NATURALEZA JURÍDICA DEL ACUERDO DE PARÍS Y EL DESARROLLO PROGRESIVO DEL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL.—2.1. El consenso como procedimiento de adopción del Acuerdo de París.—2.2. Un «protocolo, otro instrumento jurídico o una conclusión acordada con fuerza legal».—2.3. Un Pacto de Contrahendo para el desarrollo de la Convención Marco sobre el Cambio Climático.—2.3.1. La diferenciación de las obligaciones: las contribuciones determinadas a nivel nacional.—2.3.2. Estados Unidos frente al Acuerdo de París: quien puede lo más puede lo menos —o no— de conformidad con el art. 4.11 del Acuerdo de París.—3. EN DEFENSA DEL SOFT LAW Y DE LA SOFT GOVERNANCE EN EL ACUERDO DE PARÍS.—4. LA RESPONSABILIDAD INTERNACIONAL POR LOS DAÑOS MEDIOAMBIENTALES CAUSADOS POR EL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO.—5. CONCLUSIONES.

Issue:
REDI Vol. 70 1 2018

Section:
Studies

Pages:
23-51

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.70.1.2018.1.01

Read the article in:

Download the article in pdf

Read the article online

Buy the magazine