The «interests of justice» as a key in the Rome Statute: Its controversial use in the case of Afghanistan

Author:
Joana Loyo Cabezudo

Abstract:
In the case of Afghanistan, the Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court rejected the authorization to initiate an investigation by concluding that the investigation would not be in the «interests of justice», employing arguments that could be inconsistent with the Rome Statute. Even if the Appeal Chamber amended the Decision and, consequently, authorized the opening of the investigation, it did not specify the significance that the clause should have. Taking into consideration the juridical insecurity that this concept provokes, the main objective of the article is to analyze the «interests of justice» notion by studying the practice of the Court and examining the main guidelines provided by the Rome Statute: the interests of victims and the gravity of the crime committed by the suspected offender.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. LA INTERPRETACIÓN DEL «INTERÉS DE LA JUSTICIA» REALIZADA POR LAS SALAS DE LA CORTE EN LA SITUACIÓN DE AFGANISTÁN.— 3. LAS VÍCTIMAS EN EL ESTATUTO DE ROMA: EL RECONOCIMIENTO DE UNOS INTERESES QUE TRASCIENDEN A LA JUSTICIA PENAL.—4. LA GRAVEDAD DEL CRIMEN COMETIDO POR EL PRESUNTO RESPONSABLE Y LOS MECANISMOS ALTERNATIVOS A LA JUSTICIA PENAL EN EL ART. 53 DEL ESTATUTO DE ROMA.— 5. CONCLUSIONES.

Keywords:
Afghanistan; alternative justice mechanisms; interests of justice; International Criminal Court; proprio motu investigation; victims;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 73 1 2021

Section:
Studies

Pages:
165-186

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.73.1.2021.1.06

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