The Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments: Architecture and some selected issues

Author:
Sara Sánchez Fernández

Abstract:
On 2 July 2019, the Hague Conference adopted the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters. It establishes a minimum standard for the recognition and enforcement which is built on two main elements: a catalogue of jurisdictional filters and a number of grounds to refuse recognition and enforcement. This contribution presents the Convention key elements, comparing them with the current rules on this matter in Spain, i. e. Brussels I bis Regulation and Ley de Cooperación Jurídica Internacional. In addition, we analyze two issues that may arise in the application of the Convention: penalty orders imposed upon the breach of non-pecuniary obligations and limitation period for enforcement of a judgment.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. LAS PIEZAS ESENCIALES DEL CONVENIO.—3. ÁMBITO DE APLICACIÓN.—4. FILTROS DE COMPETENCIA JUDICIAL INTERNACIONAL.— 5. MOTIVOS DE NO RECONOCIMIENTO.—6. ENCAJE CON OTROS INSTRUMENTOS EN MATERIA DE RECONOCIMIENTO Y EJECUCIÓN.—6.1. Sistema general.— 6.2. Relaciones con las normas de la Unión Europea.—7. ALGUNOS PROBLEMAS PRÁCTICOS SELECCIONADOS.—7.1. Multas coercitivas.—7.2. Caducidad de la acción ejecutiva.—8. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES

Keywords:
civil and commercial matters; enforcement; foreign judgments; Hague Conference; indirect international jurisdiction; limitation period for enforcement; penalty order; recognition;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 73 1 2021

Section:
Studies

Pages:
233-251

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.73.1.2021.1.09

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