The de facto fight against human trafficking in Spain and the international responsibility of the State

Author:
Ángela Trujillo del Arco

Abstract:
For two decades, there has been a strong agreement in the international legal system on what is meant by the crime of trafficking in persons and how its human rights perspective should be addressed. However, such standards are not fully taken on board by the Spanish anti-trafficking strategy. While the Spanish legal system outlaws trafficking in line with the international consensus, its de facto fight seems to be guided by an outdated conception of the crime that hardly satisfies the international obligations assumed by the State. The analysis of such a disparity is necessary since the failure to act with due diligence to prevent such a human rights violation is likely to generate international state responsibility.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. LAS PIEZAS ESENCIALES DEL CONVENIO.—3. ÁMBITO DE APLICACIÓN.—4. FILTROS DE COMPETENCIA JUDICIAL INTERNACIONAL.— 5. MOTIVOS DE NO RECONOCIMIENTO.—6. ENCAJE CON OTROS INSTRUMENTOS EN MATERIA DE RECONOCIMIENTO Y EJECUCIÓN.—6.1. Sistema general.— 6.2. Relaciones con las normas de la Unión Europea.—7. ALGUNOS PROBLEMAS PRÁCTICOS SELECCIONADOS.—7.1. Multas coercitivas.—7.2. Caducidad de la acción ejecutiva.—8. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES

Keywords:
debida diligencia; due diligence; ECHR; España; human trafficking; International responsibility; responsabilidad internacional; Spain; TEDH; trata de seres humanos;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 73 1 2021

Section:
Studies

Pages:
277-295

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.73.1.2021.1.11

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