STUDIES ON SPAIN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: The Nature of Diplomatic Protection in the Couso Case: The Complex Relationship Between International Law and Domestic Law

Author:
Elena Crespo Navarro

Abstract:
On December 11, 2019, the Contentious-Administrative Chamber of the National Court, Section 4, finally issued a judgment on the Couso case. The Judgment states the financial liability of the General State Administration and orders it to pay compensation for the omission in the exercise of diplomatic protection to which the Spanish State would be obliged on behalf of its nationals. It is a relevant Judgment due to its effects that, undoubtedly, transcend the specific case and may have consequences on the general interest.

On February 24, 2020, the State Attorney’s Office presented a pleading in preparation for the Supreme Court’s appeal for violation of the domestic legal system and for the reversal interest for the Supreme Court. This article represents a critical analysis of the confusing argumentation of the Judgment from both an International Law and a Spanish domestic law perspective of the diplomatic protection’s doctrine.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN: LOS ANTECEDENTES.—1.1. Los escritos procesales de las partes.— 1.2. El retraso en la tramitación del proceso.—1.3. Las gestiones del Gobierno.—2. LA SENTENCIA.—3. LA PROTECCIÓN DIPLOMÁTICA EN DERECHO INTERNACIONAL Y LA SENTENCIA.—3.1. El presupuesto: la comisión de un hecho internacionalmente ilícito de un Estado que causa un daño a un particular, nacional de otro Estado.—3.2. El carácter consuetudinario de las normas sobre la protección diplomática.—3.3. La naturaleza jurídica de la protección diplomática en Derecho internacional.—4. LA PROTECCIÓN DIPLOMÁTICA EN EL DERECHO ESPAÑOL Y LA SENTENCIA.—5. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES. EL RECURSO DE CASACIÓN ANTE EL TRIBUNAL SUPREMO.

Keywords:
diplomatic protection; financial liability of the State Administration; International Law/domestic law; International responsibility; reckless conduct;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 72 2 2020

Section:
Studies

Pages:
197-234

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.72.2.2020.1b.02

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