Strengthening Judicial Independence in Transitional Justice as a Guarantee of Non-Repetition

Elisenda Calvet Martínez
Investigadora post-doctoral Derecho Internacional Público, Universidad de Barcelona (Post-doc researcher International Law, University of Barcelona) y Xavier Pons Rafols, Catedrático Derecho Internacional Público, Universidad de Barcelona (Professor International Law, University of Barcelona)

The guarantees of non-repetition include all the measures that a State in transition must adopt to prevent the recurrence of serious violations of human rights that occurred in the past. The purpose of this study is to analyze, from an International Law perspective, to what extent institutional reforms aimed at strengthening judicial independence in transitional justice constitute guarantees of non-repetition. In this sense, International Law offers a set of rules and principles to guarantee judicial independence, both in its institutional and individual dimensions. On the other hand, the judiciary has often been accomplice in human rights violations committed in the past, therefore, transitional justice measures should serve a threefold purpose: removing justice operators from the judicial system identified with the previous regime, protect judges from possible arbitrariness or indiscriminate measures and, finally, ensure that judges form a homogeneous body, with proven integrity and impeccable conduct. Eventually, strengthening judicial independence in transitional justice not only contributes to prevent future human rights violations, but also increases citizens’ trust in institutions and promotes the rule of law.

1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. LAS GARANTÍAS DE NO REPETICIÓN COMO MECANISMO DE JUSTICIA TRANSICIONAL.—2.1. Las garantías de no repetición como forma de reparación en el Derecho internacional.—2.2. Las garantías de no repetición como medidas distintas de la reparación en el Derecho internacional.—3. LA INDEPENDENCIA JUDICIAL COMO COMPONENTE ESENCIAL DEL ESTADO DE DERECHO.—3.1. Formulación y evolución de la noción de Estado de Derecho en el Derecho internacional.—3.2. Contenido y alcance de la independencia judicial en el Derecho internacional.—4. LA JUSTICIA TRANSICIONAL Y EL PODER JUDICIAL.—4.1. La complicidad del poder judicial en las graves violaciones de los derechos humanos.—4.2. Las reformas del poder judicial como garantía de no repetición.—5. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES

guarantees of non-repetition; institutional reforms; judicial independence; rule of law; transitional justice;

REDI Vol. 70 2 2018




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