Rescuing a norm from oblivion: art. VIII of the Genocide Convention and the Responsibility To Protect

Author:
Luciano Pezzano

Abstract:
The paper examines the origin and interpretation of art. VIII of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, as well as the problems for its invocation in practice, and it proposes a current reading of that Article, through the prism of the Responsibility to Protect. In particular, the paper argues that art. VIII can be regarded as a precursor to the Responsibility to Protect, having expressly recognized the competence of United Nations organs in the prevention and suppression of genocide at as early as 1948. Also, the paper stresses that art. VIII has provided an important legal basis for the existence of a responsibility of the international community to protect populations from such a heinous crime.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. EL ART. VIII DE LA CONVENCIÓN CONTRA EL GENOCIDIO.— 2.1. El origen de la norma.—2.2. Interpretación de la norma.—2.2.1. Cuestiones generales.— 2.2.2. ¿Facultad u obligación?—2.2.3. Los «órganos competentes de las Naciones Unidas».—2.2.4. Las «medidas apropiadas» para la prevención y represión de actos de genocidio.— 2.2.5. Las reservas al art. VIII.—2.3. La práctica de la Organización.—3. EL ART. VIII EN EL CONTEXTO DE LA RDP.—3.1. El art. VIII y la formulación de la RDP.—3.2. El art. VIII en la literatura sobre RDP.—3.3. El art. VIII como precursor de la RDP.—4. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES

Keywords:
1948 Convention; genocide; Responsibility to Protect; threat to peace; United Nations;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 73 1 2021

Section:
Studies

Pages:
207-232

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.73.1.2021.1.08

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