In parallel with the development of the internal energy market (IEM), the EU has gradually increased its external engagement on energy. This engagement has taken different forms, namely the externalisation of EU energy policy, the integration of energy policy objectives into external policies and energy diplomacy. The latter is mainly exemplified by the EU’s direct
involvement in promoting new gas supply routes, diversification and infrastructure, as with the Southern Gas Corridor. This form is less-developed and more problematic due to the limited resources and authority the EU has in this regard. On the other hand, the externalisation of EU energy policy is the most significant (and traditional) form of EU external engagement. This form is also indicated as the «external dimension» of the EU internal energy market or the external face of the EU regulatory state.
REDI Vol. 71 1 2019
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