Pathogens sharing, public health and the Nagoya Protocol: opportunities and challenges

Author:
Belén Sánchez Ramos

Abstract:
This article aims to analyze the public health implications of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Nagoya Protocol on Access to genetic resources and the fair an equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization. Both instruments establish a new model where pathogen may be accessed subject to the prior informed consent of the country providing the resources and once mutually agreed terms have been reached that include the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of the concerned resources. This new model differs from the common practice. In fact, the global sharing of pathogens was primarily done informally. In many instances, pathogens were shared without formal permission from national authorities. This situation presents challenges for both access and sharing of non-influenza and influenza virus. In fact, some problems related to the links between the NP and the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System and the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework are still unsolved.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. ACCESO A PATÓGENOS NO GRIPALES.—3. INTERCAMBIO DE VIRUS GRIPALES.—4. CONCLUSIONES

Keywords:
biopiracy; Convention on Biological Diversity; Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System; influenza virus; Nagoya Protocol; non-influenza pathogens; PIP Framework; SARS-CoV-2; viral sovereignty; WHO;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 73 1 2021

Section:
Studies

Pages:
redi.73.1.2021.1.10

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/253-276

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