MISCELLANY: Towards a paradigm shift in the law of the outer space?: the Artemis Accords

Author:
Laura Movilla Pateiro

Abstract:
The current state of development of outer space law faces significant challenges arising from new space exploration and exploitation activities. In this context, several States, under the auspices of the United States, signed in October 2020 the «Artemis Accords. Principles for cooperation in the civil exploration and use of the Moon, Mars, comets and asteroids for peaceful purposes». This paper examines the possible contribution of these Accords to the consolidation of a paradigm shift in the Law of Outer Space, especially in

relation to two aspects. On the one hand, with respect to their own development, as they were adopted outside the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), the forum in which space law has historically been configured. Second, in relation to the legal regime of space resources, by consolidating an interpretation of the principle of non-appropriation that legitimizes their exploitation.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. EVOLUCIÓN Y ESTADO ACTUAL DEL DERECHO DEL ESPACIO ULTRATERRESTRE. LOS DESAFIOS DEL NEW SPACE.—3. CONTEXTO, MARCO JURÍDICO Y ÁMBITO DE APLICACIÓN DE LOS ACUERDOS ARTEMISA.—4. LOS PRINCIPIOS DE LOS ACUERDOS ARTEMISA.—4.1. Principios consolidados.—4.2. Principios más novedosos.—4.3. Principios ausentes.—5. EL RÉGIMEN JURÍDICO DE LOS RECURSOS ESPACIALES Y LOS ACUERDOS ARTEMISA.—5.1. El debate en torno al régimen jurídico de los recursos espaciales.—5.2. La postura de los Acuerdos Artemisa.—6. GOBERNANZA ASCENDENTE VERSUS GOBERNANZA DESCENDENTE DE LAS ACTIVIDADES ESPACIALES.—7. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES

Keywords:
Artemis Accords; COPUOS; governance of space activities; Outer Space Law; safety zones; space diplomacy; spaces resources;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 73 2 2021

Section:
Studies

Pages:
285-310

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.73.2.2021.1b.04

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