MISCELLANY: The construction of a global power: the influence of international geopolitical competition on shaping the domestic sphere of the United States

Esteban Vidal Pérez

Neoclassical realism and structural realism provide different explanations about the rise of the United States as a global power. However, these approaches overlook the influence of international geopolitical competition on the internal political structures of States and how they affect their foreign policy. In this paper, we analyze the role of external pressures in shaping the United States’ domestic sphere to explain how it became a global power. To do so, we resort to geopolitics and discuss how the international environment poses challenges, and States confront them by reorganizing their space and institutions in order to increase their national capabilities. In this way, we study several decisive moments in US history to see how they shaped its domestic realm and contributed to make this country a global power.

1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. EL REALISMO NEOCLÁSICO.—3. EL MÉTODO GEOPOLÍTICO.— 4. LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DE UNA POTENCIA GLOBAL.—4.1. La Constitución de 1787.—4.2. La Guerra de 1812.—4.3. La carrera colonial.—4.4. La Segunda Guerra Mundial.— 5. CONCLUSIONES.

domestic sphere; foreign policy; geopolitics; global power; neoclassical realism; structural realism;

REDI Vol. 73 2 2021




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