Locus Standi of States and Erga Omnes Obligations in the Contentious Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice

Author:
Carlos Espaliú Berdud

Abstract:
The ICJ has progressively incorporated the notion of obligations erga omnes, and given it greater scope in its jurisprudence. In recent years, several decisions have explicitly or implicitly recognized the locus standi of non-injured States to bring cases before the Court for violations of obligations erga omnes partes. For the time being, the locus standi arising from obligations erga omnes in the strict sense has not been recognized. These developments demonstrate the relevance of collective values and of the international community in the international legal order. However, the extension of the locus standi derived from

obligations erga omnes does not imply the disappearance of the requirement of other considerations required by the judicial nature of the Court, such as the existence of a dispute prior to the commencement of the proceedings and the consent of all the Parties to the proceedings.

Index:
1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. EL RECONOCIMIENTO POR PARTE DE LA CIJ DEL LOCUS STANDI DE LOS ESTADOS EN VIRTUD DE LAS OBLIGACIONES ERGA OMNES.— 2.1. El locus standi derivado de las obligaciones erga omnes partes.—2.2. ¿El locus standi derivado de las obligaciones erga omnes en sentido estricto?—3. EL NEXO JURISDICCIONAL Y OTROS LÍMITES AL DERECHO DE LOS ESTADOS A PRESENTARSE ANTE LA CIJ EN VIRTUD DE LAS OBLIGACIONES ERGA OMNES.—3.1. El nexo jurisdiccional como límite al derecho de los Estados a presentarse ante la CIJ en virtud de las obligaciones erga omnes.—3.2. Otros límites al derecho de los Estados a presentarse ante la CIJ en virtud de las obligaciones erga omnes.—3.2.1. La necesidad de la existencia de una controversia.—3.2.2. Otras cuestiones.—4. CONCLUSIONES.

Keywords:
contentious jurisdiction; dispute; International Court of Justice; jurisdictional link; Jus cogens; locus standi; obligations erga omnes;

Issue:
REDI Vol. 72 2 2020

Section:
Studies

Pages:
33-59

DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.17103/redi.72.2.2020.1a.01

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