International Relations in Russia: Development, Approaches, and Debates

Javier Morales Hernández
Profesor Adjunto Doctor de Relaciones Internacionales, Universidad Europea de Madrid (Associate Professor International Relations, European University of Madrdi)

This article aims to analyze the emergence and development of International Relations as a scientific discipline in Russia, including its most recent debates. In the introduction, we explain the object of study in the context of the growing attention towards academic debates in languages other than English, as a response to the hegemony of American authors and paradigms. The following section describes the beginnings of scientific research and university teaching of International Relations in the USSR, as well as the changes that have taken place in the independent Russian Federation. The third section compares their

various conceptions of the discipline, position within the social sciences and main theoretical approaches in the present day. The fourth section examines the debate about the convenience of preserving a national school of International Relations, opposed by those who prefer to adopt Western concepts and paradigms. Finally, the conclusions reflect on the challenges faced by Russian International Relations scholars to achieve greater international recognition.

SUMARIO: 1. INTRODUCCIÓN.—2. ORIGEN Y EVOLUCIÓN DESDE EL PERIODO SOVIÉTICO HASTA HOY.—2.1. Las Relaciones Internacionales en la URSS.—2.2. Renovación y apertura al exterior desde 1991.—3. CONCEPCIÓN RUSA DE LAS RELACIONES INTERNACIONALES COMO CIENCIA.—3.1. Relaciones Internacionales versus Política Mundial.— 3.2. Posición entre las ciencias sociales.—3.3. Principales enfoques y debates teóricos.— 3.3.1. Realismo o nacional-estatismo.—3.3.2. Liberalismo u occidentalismo.—4. ENTRE EL PARTICULARISMO Y LA OCCIDENTALIZACIÓN: LA ESCUELA RUSA DE RELACIONES INTERNACIONALES.—5. CONCLUSIONES

ethnocentrism; international relations; Russia; science; theory; USSR;

REDI Vol. 71 1 2019




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